this and that
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‘This’, ‘that’, ‘these’, and ‘those’ (demonstratives);  also ‘here’ and ‘there’.

For the next three groups:

no-accent form – adjective – takes a noun

accented form – pronoun – stands for noun (no noun follows); accent is omitted now unless ambiguous (rare)

o form – pronoun – stands for a neuter/abstract noun


‘This’ → things near to me, the speaker (or a date in the speaker’s time frame)


‘That’ → things near to you, the listener, or not very far away (or a specific date known to the listener)


‘That over there’ (‘yonder’) → things neither near to me, the speaker, nor to you, the listener (or a vague date)


Related adverbs:


cf. similar words


this and that was last edited on 2020-08-08  
Topic: Spanish