Future tenses

El futuro – the future-tense, etc.

infinitive + -ar, -er, -ir
usted, él/ella
nosotros/as -emos
vosotros/as -éis
ustedes, ellos/ellas -án
Originally formed from infinitive + suffix from haber present tense (he, has, ha, hemos, h[ab]éis, han); e.g., comer-he, comer-has, etc. (similar to the way the Conditional is formed).
Here, haber is used in the sense ‘to have to’, e.g., ‘I have to speak’ → ‘I will speak’.

For the irregular stems (those that are not the infinitive), see Conditional mood.

Future tense uses (will/shall, speculation/probability):

Hablaré con ella – I’ll speak to her

Mi madre llegará el lunes – My mother will arrive on Monday

¿Dónde dormirás? – Where will you sleep?

¿Qué fecha será? – What date will it be?

Serán las siete de la mañana – It will be/It’s probably about seven in the morning

conditional phrases (oraciones condicionales) referring to the future (If present tense ... future tense):

Si tengo tiempo iré a Bilbao – If I have time I will go to Bilbao

Si estoy en Bilbao comeré pinchos – If I am in Bilbao I will eat pinchos

immediate (informal) future (el futuro immediato/cercano); going to do something:

ir + a + infinitive

{voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van} + a + infinitive

voy a comer paella – I’m going to eat paella

vamos a beber vino – we’re going to drink wine

vamos a escuchar un cuarteto – we’re going to listen to a quartet

voy a venderlo – I’m going to sell it

van a salir esta noche – they’re going to go out tonight

¿Qué vais/van a hacer...? – what are you(pl)/ustedes going to do... ?

Voy a visitar Asturias – I’m going to visit Asturias

¿Adónde vas a ir de vacaciones? – Where are you going to go on holiday?

Also using irse:

me voy a la piscina – I’m going [away] to the swimming pool

future progressive:

estar future + gerundio

e.g., Estará trabajando – He will be working

future perfect

simple future of haber + past participle

(habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán) +

Use to talk about actions that will have been completed before another action in the future, or likely to be.

Usted habrá estudiado español por cuatro años para este junio – You will have studied four years of Spanish by this June.

¿Dónde está Pablo? – Él habrá ido a otro café. – Where is Pablo? – He might have gone to another cafe.

The present often suffices, too:

Regreso a Bilbao mañana – I’m returning to Bilbao tomorrow

No puedo venir el sábado – I can’t come on Saturday

El tren sale a las cuatro – the train leaves at 4

Future tenses was last edited on 2021-02-22  
Topic: Spanish