Present subjunctive

El presente de subjuntivo – present subjunctive mood (modos).

The subjunctive is used for wishes, likes and dislikes, necessity, doubt, possibility, emotion and fear, intentions ... with para, referring to the future, expressions of advice, and some commands (see imperatives).

Used when the first/other part of the sentence is in the present, future, or imperative.

(Imperfect subjunctive is used when the first/other part of the sentence is in the conditional or a past tense.)

Present: 1st person present, drop ‘o’ +
  -ar     -er, -ir  
yo -e -a
-es -as
usted, él/ella -e -a
nosotros/as -emos -amos
vosotros/as -éis -áis
ustedes, ellos/ellas -en -an


Irregular verbs generally follow the same irregularities as the present (indicative) tense.
The following verbs are very irregular in the subjunctive:

ser, estar, dar, haber, saber, ir.
Mnemonic:  DISHES (Dar, Ir, Saber, Haber, Estar, Ser)..

In English (from the Concise Oxford):

■ (adjective) denoting a mood of verbs expressing what is imagined or wished or possible.

■ (noun) a verb in the subjunctive mood.

Notes:  The subjunctive form of a verb is typically used for what is imagined, wished, or possible. It is usually the same as the ordinary or indicative form of the verb except in the third person singular, where the normal indicative -s ending is omitted: for example, one should say the report recommends that he face the tribunal rather than he faces… The subjunctive is also different from the indicative when the verb ‘to be’ is used: for example, it is strictly correct to say I wouldn’t try that if I were you rather than …if I was you.”

Present subjunctive was last edited on 2022-08-01  
Topic: Spanish