Verb forms

This page attempts to summarise the main Spanish verb forms (conjugations), with, for each one,

– the common Spanish name, along with some English names

– typical (but not all) uses

– example for a regular verb (hablar)

– link to more information and examples (not always recently reviewed).

See also compound verb forms for more.

presente  (present, simple indicative, present indicative)

hablo, hablas, habla, hablamos, habláis, hablan
See also Present tenses.

pretérito indefinido  (past, simple past, preterite, past indicative)

hablé, hablaste, habló, hablamos, hablasteis, hablaron
See also Past tenses.

pretérito imperfecto  (imperfect, past imperfect, imperfect indicative)

hablaba, hablabas, hablaba, hablábamos, hablabais, hablaban
See also Past tenses.

futuro  (future, future indicative)

hablaré, hablarás, hablará, hablaremos, hablaréis, hablarán
See also Future tenses.

presente de subjuntivo  (subjunctive, present subjunctive)

hable, hables, hable, hablemos, habléis, hablen
See also Present subjunctive.

imperfecto de subjuntivo  (imperfect subjunctive)

Si yo fuera tú, no lo haría – If I were you, I wouldn’t do it

No conocía a nadie que viviera en Madrid – I didn’t know anyone who lived in Madrid

Era bueno que Juan me leyera el libro – It was good that Juan read the book to me

hablara, hablaras, hablara, habláramos, hablarais, hablaran
See also Imperfect subjunctive.

imperativo  (imperative, present imperative)

[hable], habla/hables, hable, hablemos, hablad/habéis, hablen
See also Imperative.

condicional  (conditional mood)

hablaría, hablarías, hablaría, hablaríamos, hablaríais, hablarían
See also Conditional.


Note: strictly, verb forms (conjugations) have both a tense (time-related sense – present, future, etc.) and a mood (what it’s used for – indicative [fact], subjunctive [hypothetical], imperative [command], etc.).

Verb forms was last edited on 2021-10-17  
Topic: Spanish